All enterprises with employees must create a written place of work assessment (APV). The APV ensures that working environment work is systematic, thereby helping to prevent accidents and injuries.
The enterprise must ensure that the APV includes the following five elements or phases in its APV work:
- Identification and charting of the enterprise’s overall working environment.
- Description and assessment of the enterprise’s working environment problems.
- Discontinuation of the enterprise’s sick leave.
- Prioritisation of solutions to the enterprise’s working environment problems and preparation of an action plan.
- Guidelines for action plan follow-up.
Enterprises themselves can select the method they want to use to create an APV, but the contents are specified in the Working Environment Act. As a minimum, an APV must assess:
- Physical effects (e.g. noise, cold and draughts).
- Chemical effects (e.g. sealants).
- Biological effects (e.g. risk of infection).
- Ergonomic effects (e.g. working positions and heavy lifting).
- Mental effects (e.g. time pressure).
- The risk of accidents (e.g. working at altitude).
Building and construction enterprises often carry out work outside the home enterprise. Therefore, when you are to work with the APV, it is important to assess whether there are particular working environment problems at the alternating or temporary place of work that you will be including in the assessment. In such instances, the APV may be based on the general work functions. If there are special conditions at one or more of the work sites which are of significance to how work is carried out, this must be specified in the APV.
The APV may be based on the enterprise’s typical tasks. There may be special conditions in place at individual building sites. These special conditions may, for example, be specified in the tender documentation or the developer’s plan. The enterprise must alter the APV if there are special conditions on the building site. It is important for you to agree guidelines on how the APV will be adjusted to suit the special conditions.
The part of the enterprise’s APV which deals with work on the specific building site must be available to employees on the building site.
If anyone within the enterprise works with hazardous substances and materials, you must create a special chemical APV.
If there are minors under 18 employed within the enterprise, the risks which young people may face must be described separately within the enterprise’s APV.
The APV must be in writing and accessible at the enterprise to employees, business managers and the Working Environment Authority.
When the working environment changes, you must revise the APV; if you introduce new work processes, buy new machinery, or if there is an accident, for example. The APV must be revised at least every three years. The management team and employees must work together on the entire APV process.
The employer holds overall responsibility for involving the working environment organisation and employees in planning, implementation and follow-up of the APV.
Find out more about APVs within building and construction enterprises at
www.bar-ba.dk or from authorised working environment advisors and the Working Environment Authority.