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Health and Safety Plan (PSS)

A Health and Safety Plan (PSS) must ensure that everyone on the building site has a good working environment. At the same time, the plan can act as a handy steering tool for the construction management team.

The developer always has to prepare a PSS if there are more than ten people from more than one enterprise working on the site at the same time. At small building sites, a PSS only has to be compiled when particularly hazardous work is to be carried out (see page 35).

The PSS must be complete before the building site is commissioned. The developer is responsible for ensuring that the PSS is updated regularly as work on the building site progresses. This is particularly true of the organisational plan, building site drawings and a schedule. Everyone on the building site must have the opportunity to see the PSS, which must therefore always be available on the building site.

The PSS must include:

  1. an organisational plan,
  2. building site drawings,
  3. a schedule,
  4. an indication of the traffic areas,
  5. an indication of the areas in which work will be carried out by several employers and their employees,
  6. an indication of the joint safety arrangements which are established in the shared areas,
  7.  a delimitation of the areas in which work involves particular risks,
  8. a procedure for ongoing checking of installations, safety arrangements, any particular risks, etc.,
  9. an indication of who is to carry out any planned regular inspection and coordination of contingency, evacuation and exercise plans,
  10. specific arrangements relating to any particularly hazardous work.

The organisation plan consists of a list of parties involved, with relevant information about individual contractors, including CBR numbers, addresses and relevant telephone numbers, lists of contacts, other telephone lists, a diagram showing the working environment organisation for the building site and a section indicating the tasks of each individual.

The building site drawing must show where the risks are, and what these risks are, on the site, including the positioning of:

  1. access, transport and escape routes,
  2. crane, hoist and scaffolding,
  3. the designated location for material depots, temporary workshops and waste containers,
  4. the designation location for welfare arrangements,
  5. connections to electricity, water and drains, and
  6. alarm, fire, rescue and first aid equipment.

The schedule must specify:

  1. when the individual employer has tasks on the building site and how much time is allocated for the individual tasks or work phases,
  2. the periods over which work is to take place which is particularly hazardous (see the list of particularly hazardous work at the bottom of the page).

Shared areas and delimitation
There must be a description of where shared areas are. The delimitation of responsibility for the safety arrangements in the shared areas must also be described.

There must be a specification of the shared safety arrangements.
For example, a list can be compiled of the individual arrangements over the period to which the responsibility applies and which enterprise holds responsibility.

On all building sites on which more than one enterprise is working at the same time – including building sites with fewer than ten people employed at the same time – a PSS is compiled for the work included in the list of particularly hazardous work.

List of particularly hazardous work:
Accident risks
Work where employees run a particularly serious risk of being buried, sinking or falling.

Chemicals
Work which exposes employees to chemical or biological substances which pose a particular health and safety risk, or where the Act requires a health check.

Radiation
Work which exposes employees to ionising radiation and which makes it necessary to define controlled and monitored areas as defined in Article 20 of the EU’s Directive 80/836/Euratom of the Council of the European Union.

Miscellaneous

  • Work in the vicinity of high voltage lines.
  • Work which involves a risk of drowning.
  • Work in wells and tunnels and underground work.
  • Work underwater using diving equipment.
  • Work in pressure chambers.
  • Work which involves using explosives.
  • Installation and removal of heavy prefabricated elements.

It may also be necessary to compile a PSS when working near to areas with heavy traffic, if the work is deemed to be particularly hazardous

Download the PSS guide at www.byggeproces.dk