Work platforms, 1 and 2-column

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Work platforms must be suitable for the tasks to be performed in terms of load-bearing capacity, size, etc. There must be usage instructions in Danish on the work platform. These must include information on the use, operation and daily maintenance of the platform.

The working platform must have a clear sign with brief usage instructions. This must state, among other things, the maximum permitted load and the distribution of the load over the platform.
It must be possible to disconnect the power supply – with a key switch, for example – to prevent unauthorised persons from operating the personnel lifter.
The platform must not be used as a hoist.

All work platforms commissioned after 1 January 1997 must bear CE labels and be compliant with the requirements of the Machine Directive.

Logs

It must be possible to read about the history of the platform in logs kept at or near to the work platform. Among other things, these must include information on load tests, repairs and inspections. The owner of the tool is responsible for keeping the logs.

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Inspections

A main inspection must be carried out by the supplier or another expert at least once a year.

Erection

Only people who have received special instruction and have a knowledge of the supplier’s usage instructions may erect, alter, move and dismantle work platforms. The same is applicable to work platforms designed for continuous moving.

The base must be load-bearing and capable of absorbing the compressive forces specified by the supplier.
Packing materials must be max. 0.20 m high and stable, and they must be able to absorb the forces present in all directions.

If the mast is secured to a building element, both this and the material used for securing it must be able to absorb the necessary forces.

If the work platform is erected and used on and near to public roads, this work is covered by the rules of the road. Appropriate arrangements must therefore be made if there is any risk of collision.

Moving work platforms

Work platforms may only be used if the base is firm and load-bearing. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that the mast height does not exceed the supplier’s specifications.

The supporting legs must be positioned directly above the base.

Follow the supplier’s instructions with regard to wind and weather conditions.

Signs

There must be a sign close to the gate which describes the maximum load in the following terms:

● Max. load in kg.

● Distribution of the load over the platform.

● The number of persons and other load (one person is equivalent to 85 kg).

The control panel must be provided with clear pictograms or text in Danish.

Covering

The work platform need only be covered if this has been agreed with the scaffold erector, and when the supplier’s instructions are met. Even a small cover or sign on the railings will increase the wind load on the platform. This makes major demands of the erection/securing.

Access

There must be easy access to the platform. There must be permanent steps or a ladder if the distance to the ground exceeds 0.5 m. Steps and ladders must have hand rails or other support options.
The gate on the platform must be self-closing, and it must not be possible to open it outwards. The gate must also have an automatic lock or electrical contact which prevents the platform from being raised when the gate is open.

Railings/barriers

The barrier must normally have railings on all sides which comprise a hand rail at a height of 1 metre, a knee rail at a height of 0.5 metres and a footboard at min. 0.15 m. “Railings” may also include solid panels or nets.

The internal railings can be omitted when working on a façade, but only if the floor of the platform follows the façade and the distance between the façade and the platform does not exceed 0.3 m at any point.

On a one-column personnel lifter when working on a façade wall, the railings may only be removed if the work platform is provided at either end with a guide roller up to the façade wall and if the distance between the work platform and the façade is less than or equal to 0.3 m.

There must be a hardwearing marker around the work platform so that nobody can come dangerously close to the platform’s work area.

Floor

The floor must be horizontal and made using a non-slip material. There must be a drain for rainwater, and openings in the floor must be max. 25 mm.

Working on work platforms

The load on the work platform must not exceed what the supplier has stated on the load plate, which must be located close to the access gate.

The maximum load must be described as the max. load i kg, the distribution of the load and the number of persons and other load. One person is equivalent to 85 kg.

It must always be possible to summon at least one person from the work site when work is being carried out on the platform. This may be necessary in the event of a stoppage or accident. It must be possible to summon people by shouting or using a mobile phone.

The work platform must not be operated until the driver has made sure that there is no risk of open windows, etc. touching the platform as it moves.

Minors under 18 may only operate work platforms if this work is taking place in connection with training which aims to give them skills (e.g. as apprentices), and if they receive the proper instruction. However, minors under 18 may certainly work from a work platform.

Do not use ladders, boxes or similar to increase the working height.

The work platform must not normally be left in its raised position. However, this may be necessary, and in such instances this must be agreed with the regional supervisory centre. Balcony work may be one such example.

In such situations, work floors, work platforms and other access routes must be secured using railings or some other form for effective way of securing against falling. The control panel must also have a lockable switch.

Place the platform in its lowermost position at the end of the working day. Also remember; the power supply must be switched off and locked.

Particular risks

Avoid being crushed while the machine is in motion – ensure there is screening or similar. There may be a risk of being crushed between the mast and the platform, between the platform and building elements, or between the platform and the ground.

Avoid collisions with open windows and other structures/materials. This may overload the platform, resulting in a risk of collapse.

Uneven weight distribution on the work platform may have fatal consequences.

If the working height is over 30 m, a contingency plan has to be compiled which describes how people can be rescued or helped in an emergency.