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Machinery for wood

Stationary machines

Bench circular saws, bandsaws and planing machines must be set at a good working height. This will prevent people having to bend forwards unnecessarily. There must be a rolling trestle to support long or wide pieces.

Materials and finished goods must also be placed at a good working height and as close as possible to the machine.

If handheld machines are used on benches as stationary machines, the requirements for stationary machines must be met.

There must be equipment which can catch or suck up dust and shavings during cutting. This equipment must be specifically suited to the individual machines. Extracted air must not be recirculated.
Woodworking machines require the user to have received special instruction on how to use these machines properly.
Use any tests and guidelines on www.maskinkoerekort.dk in connection with this instruction.

In general, gloves must not be worn when working with woodworking machines unless the tools is entirely shielded to prevent contact.

Machines with fast-moving cutting tools such as circular saws, bench circular saws, crosscut saws and planing machines may be operated by minors under 18 if the machines are shielded in such a way as to render the moving and machining parts inaccessible during operation and there are no other hazards associated with the machine. However, this is possible only if minors receive thorough instruction on how to use the machine.

There must be usage instructions in Danish which indicate how to set up, operate and maintain the machine in connection with work.

Circular saws (stationary)

The blade must be flat and without wobble, “blue spots” and cracks.

  • The blade must always be sharp and correctly fitted, and it must be not be missing any tips.
  • The part of the blade which is not in the wood must be shielded.
  • It must not be possible to press the blade cover down to the blade.

Blades with carbide tips must be:

  • Intact, i.e. not missing any tips.
  • Equipped with a cutter.
  • Equipped with a voltage drop relay.


The cutter prevents the wood pinching the blade and therefore being lifted and thrown back at the user. It also shields the rear teeth of the blade so that loose pieces of wood are not thrown out. The cutter must be rigid, thicker than the blade and thinner than the layout of the teeth. (In the case of carbide blades, it must be 0.3 mm thinner than the cutting width). The cutter must be easy to set.

Bench circular saws

When cutting longitudinally, the land (width-controlled) must be used and set so that the wood can be moved along evenly.

A top cover, lower cover and cutter must be in position and set. In the case of concealed cuts, e.g. groove and rabbet work, it is possible to remove the top cover as the wood covers the teeth of the blade. If the top cover is removed, a feed block must be used. When work is finished, the top cover must be immediately put back on. Use a supporting stake or handle if there is a risk of touching the blade during longitudinal cutting.

When cutting wedges, you should use a template and apply an indicator strip so that the small piece of wood cut off do not come into contact with the teeth at the back of the blade.

During shortening (crosscutting), it must be possible to control the wood by placing it against a mobile unit.

Crosscut saws (pendulum crosscut saws)

Crosscut saws with the blade beneath the bench must:

  • Be shielded beneath the bench.
  • Be fully shielded when at rest.
  • Return to their rest position automatically (balance saws).
  • Be impossible to pull over the edge of the bench.
  • Have a top cover or some other form of protection of the blade over the bench during sawing.


Crosscut saws with the blade above the bench must:

  • Have a shield around the blade as far down as possible below the centre.
  • Have visor protection for the rest of the blade which is working. This part of the shielding must automatically be locked when the saw is at rest.
  • Return automatically to their rest position.
  • Be impossible to pull over the edge of the bench.

Planing machines

There must also be a cover over the cutter on the side of the land where no-one is working.

  • The cover over the working section must be easy to set.
  • Small objects must be secured safely using a feeder board.
  • The planing machine must be fitted with a voltage drop trigger.


Feeder units

Feeder units on circular saws, handsaws, planing machines, bench milling machines and similar must be fitted with emergency stops. The feeder unit must be connected to the processing machine by means of a special plug so that both machines stop when the emergency stop is actuated.