Lifting and hoisting equipment

This equipment must be designed for the tasks to be performed. in respect of load-bearing capacity, layout, etc. This equipment must be supplied with usage instructions in Danish. Among other things, these must indicate what the equipment may be used for, e.g. operation, maximum permissible load, usage restrictions and daily maintenance.

Minors under 18 may only operate hoisting equipment if this work is taking place in connection with training which aims to give them skills (e.g. as apprentices), and if they receive the proper instruction and hold the necessary certificates.

Training and certificate requirements

Certificates are required if you have to use the equipment to lift loads, either free-hanging or supported. See the table below:

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The driver does not need to have a crane driver’s certificate if he is operating contract machinery which is only occasionally used as a crane in connection with the normal tasks of the machinery. So he may carry out this work as long as the following conditions are met:

  • There must be nobody in the immediate vicinity of the load when it is lifted, transported and set down.
  • The load must not be lifted more than approx. 1 m above ground level.
  • The machinery must be inspected and maintained in compliance with the supplier’s instructions.
  • The supplier’s usage and maintenance instructions are on the machine.
  • The machine is designed for crane work, cf. the supplier’s usage instructions.

Inspections

The driver must report any fault or irregularity to the employer. This is important so that the equipment can be fixed before work recommences.

A main inspection in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions must be carried out by the supplier or another expert at least once a year.

Hoisting gear which is used outdoors must also undergo a 10-year inspection by a special expert. The results of the 10-year inspection must be documented in a report, and the Working Environment Authority must receive a copy of this.

Logs

Equipment which requires notification must carry logs which describe the history of the equipment and include information on load tests, repairs and inspection. The owner of the tool keeps these logs.

Reporting

There is a series of hoisting gear which must be reported to the Working Environment Authority in connection with new purchases, changes of owner and following significant renovation or repair.

This is applicable to:

  • All hoisting gear and winches designed for lifting persons.
  • All hoisting gear and winches used in changing positions.
  • Firmly mounted hoisting gear with a maximum load of more than 300 kg. The limit is 1000 kg for electric hoists.

At every new installation, it is also necessary to report firmly mounted hoisting gear and hoisting gear requiring significant installation work when it is set up. This is applicable e.g. in connection with moving tower and construction cranes, irrespective of whether the installation is taking place for the same owner.

Mobile hoisting gear, e.g. Winches, mobile cranes and truck-mounted cranes, do not have to be reported when setting them up for the same owner.

Load testing

Load testing of all new hoisting gear must take place before it is commissioned. Also carry out load testing in the event of:

  • Major reconstruction or repair
  • Every main inspection and 10 year inspection.
  • Changing of carrying means
  • New setup where a report also has to be submitted to the Working Environment Authority.