Facade scaffolding and scaffolding for bricklayers

Facade scaffolding and scaffolding for bricklayers must be suitable for the tasks to be performed in terms of load-bearing capacity, width and height. On site, there must always be usage instructions in Danish which show what scaffolding may be used for.

Scaffolding must stand on a firm base. If there is any need to chock the scaffolding, the chocks must be stable and no more than 20 cm high. Scaffolding must be secured to prevent it falling over.

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This can be done by securing the scaffolding safely to a façade/structure. Follow the usage instructions for securing the scaffolding.

Scaffolding components must not be deformed or rusty, and the individual parts must fit together.

Anyone assembling, altering or dismantling scaffolding over 3 m must be trained for the job.
If the user of the scaffolding himself wishes to make minor changes to the scaffolding, e.g. moving brackets, etc., this may take place only on the agreement of the enterprise which put up the scaffolding.

Transport

Initially use pallets, barelles and frame retainers when you are going to move the elements of the scaffolding from a storage site to a vehicle and from the vehicle to the site where the scaffolding is to stand.

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The materials are handled using a telescopic loader, crane or similar.
You can also use barrows at the site where the scaffolding is to be erected.

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When the scaffolding elements are to be raised and lowered, you must also use suitable technical aids. You can use a base mounted electric hoist with a raised hoisting bracket or a scaffold hoist.

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Manual hoists (“bicycle wheels”) may only be used when installing and removing nets and waste chutes from scaffolding components.

Setup

Use only intact original parts or parts which you can combine safely. Follow the requirements in the setup guide when you build, reinforce and secure the scaffolding.

Particular risks

If brackets, screens, plastic or mesh are fitted to the scaffolding, the number of securing points must be increased, cf. the usage instructions.

It is necessary to create a design calculation if the scaffolding is being erected in any way other than the standard way shown in the setup guide.

Signs

When the scaffolding is being erected, altered and dismantled, it must be cordoned off and provided with signs which indicate that it must not be used.

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When the scaffolding is fully erected, a commissioning permit must be pinned up at all access routes. These signs must include information on what the scaffolding is designed for, what load it may carry, the date on which it was erected and the inspection date.

Loading of scaffold floors

Scaffolding is divided into classes, as shown in the load table. The load table states that only one scaffold level may be loaded to 100%, and one to 50%. The other levels must only be loaded if the scaffold erector has granted permission for this.

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Scaffold widths

The scaffolding (work floor) must be of width which allows work to take place properly and ergonomically correctly and which allows the necessary technical aids to be used.
If the width of a floor is only approx. 60 cm, only light repair and maintenance work must normally take place on the floor.

The width must be 120 cm when windows are being replaced and staff are working with high pressure washers. Find out more about scaffold widths in Branchevejledning om standardblade for systemstilladser [Industry guide on standard sheets for scaffolding].

Ascents

The scaffolding must be fitted with steps or ladders to be used when staff have to climb it. There must be a separate access area in the case of scaffolding where more than two people are working at the same time. This is applicable if the scaffolding is more than 5 m tall and more than 10 m long.

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The access area must reach the top continuous floor. Access holes in the floor of the scaffolding must be secured with a hatch which can be closed.

Distance to facade

Scaffolding must be placed as close as possible to the façade in respect of the tasks to be performed. If the distance to the façade is more than 0.30 m, there must be internal railings.

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Railings

Railings must always be set up if there is any risk of falling from a scaffold floor, resulting in injury. Railings comprise a hand rail at a height of 1.0 metre, a knee rail at a height of 0.5 metres and a footboard at min. 0.15 m.

Screening

Low cordoning or screening which may safeguard the surrounding area if there is a risk of building materials or equipment falling from the scaffolding.

Scaffold floors

The scaffold floor must be load-bearing and rigid, and it must fill the entire scaffolding. It must be dimensioned and built in accordance with applicable norms and standards. The necessary strength, rigidity and stability must be assured. Avoid having overlaps in the scaffold floor as there is otherwise a risk of people tripping and falling over them. If overlaps cannot be avoided, these must be at least 25 cm. Wedge-shaped pieces make it easier to use barrows and stone trolleys.