Elevators

Only specially trained personnel may carry out erection, dismantling and alteration of material hoists and building hosts for transporting people.

Minors under 18 may only operate hoists which are not controlled by pushbutton if this work is taking place in connection with training which aims to give them skills (e.g. as apprentices), and if they receive the proper instruction.

The owner of the hoist or the person hiring the hoist must ensure that the hoist and its accessories are looked after and maintained properly in accordance with applicable requirements.

Building hoists intended for lifting persons

Erection inspection

When erecting, reconstructing or carrying out significant repairs to a hoist, an erection inspection of the unit must take place.
If the hoist has been erected correctly, this will be noted in the service book and an inspection sign will be put up in the hoist, showing the date of the next inspection.

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If the erection inspection shows that the requirements have not been met, the owner or user responsible for the hoist must have information on this, with detailed reasons for the deviation. The hoist must not be used until faults and defects have been rectified.
An inspection body accredited by a recognised accreditation body must undertake the erection inspection.

Inspections

An expert enterprise holding certification for this purpose must undertake the inspection, maintenance and repair of building hoists.

Building hoists intended for lifting persons must be inspected at least once a month.

The number of inspections per year must be specified in the service manual for the hoist. A copy of the inspection report must be placed in the service manual.

Inspections also include access routes to the hoist and loading areas.

Inspection and testing

If the hoist has been set up in the same location for more than 12 months, it must be inspected and tested every calendar year, at intervals not exceeding 14 months. The same requirements as for erection inspection apply during inspection and testing.

Design

Hoists must be fitted with signs which indicate what they are to be used for – including inspection signs and a sign indicating the maximum load/number of persons.

Hoists intended for lifting persons must be secured so that only the door at the loading area can be opened. The manufacturer’s door system must be installed at the loading area on the scaffolding. The hoist must not be able to operate when the door system is open.

The design must be compliant with the guidelines in DS/EN 12159 (hoists intended for lifting persons) by 1 January 2012 at the latest.

Building hoists intended for lifting goods

Inspections

An expert must ensure during appropriate inspection and maintenance that the goods hoist is still in a safe state.

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The expert must undertake the inspection prior to commissioning and after every setup. If the hoist has been set up for any length of time in the same location, it must be inspected regularly – cf. the supplier’s instructions – but at least once every 12 months.

It must be possible to document the results of the inspection and to make them available to the Working Environment Authority.

Design

Hoists must be fitted with signs which indicate what they are to be used for – including inspection signs and a sign indicating the maximum amount of goods.

Building hoists must be safeguarded against the risk of someone falling from the seat or loading area. This means that all loading areas above ground level must be fitted with full railings.
The seat on goods hoists must be secured with railings at a height of 1 metre.

The seat must also be designed so that there can be no risk of trapping when the hoist is being driven.

The design must be compliant with the guidelines in DS/EN 12158-1 (goods hoists) by 1 January 2012 at the latest.

Oblique hoists

Oblique hoists must be set up according to the supplier’s instructions. Oblique hoists must be labelled with the maximum permitted load.

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The following rules also apply:

  • It is necessary to secure running rails firmly to both the ground and roof edges.
  • Any supporting legs must stand on a firm, stable base and be secured to prevent slipping.
  • The area around the hoist must be cordoned off to unauthorised traffic.
  • There must be an emergency stop available from the operation point, and an overview of the movements of the carrier must be possible.
  • The load must be secured to prevent it falling off, and it must not project by more than 20% over the side edge of the carrier.
  • It must be possible to use railings to secure standing positions at roof edges or wall openings to prevent falling.
  • It must be possible to stop the hoist via a lockable main switch.

Minors under 18 may only operate oblique hoists if this work is taking place in connection with training which aims to give them skills (e.g. as apprentices), and if they receive the proper instruction.